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  The genus of mushrooms that cause the most poisoning
 
The genus of mushrooms that cause the most poisoning Ondokuz Mayıs University (OMU) Faculty Member Prof. Dr. Aysun Pekşen pointed out that one of the most common types of poisonous mushrooms in Turkey is "köygüçüren", adding that this species is responsible for almost 95 percent of mushroom poisonings. Prof. Dr. Pekşen, Lecturer at the Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, pointed out that mushroom poisoning is frequently encountered in the country in the spring and autumn periods. Pekşen stated that the Black Sea is a region with abundant rainfall and different vegetation cover, and that the variety of mushrooms is abundant, "Although there is not much of a poisonous mushroom group, poisoning cases that can result in death may occur in people who collect mushrooms unconsciously. That's why when mushrooms are mentioned, many people think of poisoning. Mushrooms are of great importance to us in all respects. These rich resources provide us with minerals, proteins and selenium, but also have the potential to bring serious income by being exported. A group of mushroom species is collected and exported abroad. Unfortunately, since poisoning incidents are quite popular in the media, people have a fear of mushrooms. The most effective way to prevent this fear is to introduce mushrooms very well." "It is important at this point to pay attention to some wrongs that are known to be true" Pekşen underlined that the mushrooms in nature should be collected by conscious people, and continued: "People who unknowingly pick up mushrooms can pick up edible and inedible mushrooms at the same time. We can also suffer mild poisoning, but often we can face poisoning that results in death. People are trying to figure out if it is poisonous in their own way, and this is a very wrong practice. There are some misconceptions. For example, 'The mushroom that insects eat is non-poisonous.' We humans are different from their metabolism. Therefore, this is not the case. 'Some mushrooms have no poisonous effect when boiled and drained.' But this does not apply to every fungus. That is why we must be careful and conscious without ignoring it. There needs to be an awareness of fungi. Otherwise, acting unconsciously can have extremely bad consequences. That's why we mushroomers have a saying, 'all mushrooms are eaten, but some are eaten only once.' It is important at this point to pay close attention to some of the wrongs that are known to be true." "A showy mushroom, köygöçüren can grow next to an edible mushroom" Pekşen stated that the "köygöçüren" mushroom is responsible for the majority of deaths due to mushroom poisoning in Turkey, and said: "It is one of the most common poisonous mushrooms in our country. It is mostly seen in Istanbul, Bolu, Kastamonu and Giresun regions. Amanita Phalloides is known as a villager. It is responsible for almost 95 percent of poisonings. These cases of poisoning are not to be underestimated. Last year, Ondokuz Mayıs University Medical Faculty Hospital received a large number of cases of mushroom poisoning. There are two types of symptoms in mushroom poisoning. Early and late symptoms. In early symptoms, there are a number of side effects, such as nausea, vomiting, dizziness. Since it is early, it can be intervened immediately, but it is the late symptoms that scare us. There are still some effects after eating in the late symptom, but there may be cases such as liver and kidney failure because the body reacts late. At this point, it is of great importance to know which type of mushroom is eaten and to go to the nearest health institution. A showy mushroom, Köygöçüren can grow alongside an edible mushroom. There are some features that should be considered in order to be able to distinguish them. The superstructure of the mushroom has an olive-green color. But the bottom is white. In addition, another feature that happens in poisonous mushrooms is that there is a section in the root parts similar to the shape of an egg, and this egg is found in the root part of the köygöçüren mushroom."

 
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